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What are the different kinds of meditation?

What are the different kinds of meditation?

Meditation has existed for millennia and is complex in many ways, with different techniques and different goals. Because, beyond the techniques used in it, it is the objective that is important for a mediation process. It is not a good meditation practice until everyone finds the type that suits them. Nevertheless, it is best that you keep in mind what you kind of meditation you prefer. There are hundreds of meditation techniques but rest assured, it is useless to know them all to begin with. In fact, it’s even discouraged. The best is the one that speaks to you, makes you vibrate and resonates with your heart.

As examples:

– Meditation with support, there are many meditation proposals with support:

* Observe the light that penetrates through the top of the head (chakra) and identify with that light.

* Listen to the sound in the inner ear (nada).

* Browse the inside of your body through sensation in order to get a state of relaxation.

* Stay in a posture with a coded hand position (mudrâ).

-Meditation without support, so that the mind can calm and detach from the desires of the world and stop wandering. It is then, according to this method, to be present and to remain conscious and available to the spontaneous silence. (= very average, it does not work and for me, meditation is something active, but this is only my humble opinion)

– The 4 most common types of meditation are vipassana meditation, yoga, Zen meditation, and mindfulness meditation.

  1. Yoga

Many people discover meditation through yoga. Each type of yoga uses a different medium. Here are the practices most directly related to meditation:

  • Yoga postures of the body (HATHA YOGA)
  • Yoga of the breath (PRANAYAMA YOGA)
  • Yoga of energy (KUNDALINI YOGA)
  • Yoga of relaxation (NIDRA YOGA)
  • Yoga of knowledge (JNANA YOGA)

Meditation practiced in yoga is often mixed with many practices. Except for Jnana Yoga, the vision of the yoga, the body and spirit, the dream of relaxation, or a body and mind for but change what is.


  1. Mindfulness Meditation

Mindfulness is a series of meditation, relaxation and peacefulness exercises that help manage stress, anxiety, and depression. Mindfulness does not really correspond to a particular type of meditation. This form of meditation makes it possible to free oneself from the flow of thoughts that constantly crosses our mind and to be fully awake in the present moment. It’s about becoming aware of each moment, of one’s body, of others, and of one’s environment. It allows being “awake”, fully aware of oneself and others at each moment of its existence.

  1. Vipassana Meditation

Regarded as the oldest technique of Buddhist meditation, Vipassana meditation means physically, as an object of meditation. Vipassana means “to see reality as it is”. Vipassana meditation is based primarily on breathing. It allows, among other things, to develop concentration and attention. This meditation is often considered the cement and the basis of other meditation techniques because without concentration or attention, it is almost impossible to progress on the path of meditation.

Zen meditation (zazen)

Zen, “Dhyana” in Sanskrit, goes back to the experience of Buddha Shakyamuni, who awakened in zazen posture in the fifth century BC. This experience was transmitted without interruption, from master to disciple, thus forming the Zen lineage. Zazen is the daily practice of Zen, that is, meditation. Periods of zazen (30 to 50 minutes) are usually performed in a dojo (or zendo) that serves as a meditation room, alternating with periods of kinhin, a meditative walk of ten minutes. The beginning of a period of zazen is traditionally announced by making the bell ring three times (shijosho), and the end of a cycle by ringing once (hozensho). Before and after the session on the zafu, a meditation cushion, the practitioner performs a gassho (hello clasped hands), bowing to his zafu, fellow practitioners and the master1.

It is the meditation sitting in the traditional posture of the lotus, practiced by humans since prehistoric times. Zazen is neither a theory, nor an idea, nor knowledge to be grasped by the brain. It is only a practice that radically changes our own mind. It’s melting with the whole universe.

Transcendental Meditation

Transcendental meditation is a technique of relaxation and development of consciousness that is practiced at the rate of two sessions of about twenty minutes a day. It consists of repeating a secret and personal mantra, chosen by a teacher. This technique, often presented as a kind of “magic pill” (fast, easy, and that absolutely improves every aspect of your life) was invented by Maharishi guru Mahesh Yogi who popularized it in the West. This meditation would allow the mind to move to a state called “pure consciousness”. Transcendental meditation is a technique of deep relaxation and the development of consciousness. It is based in particular on the use of mantras (sentences or words repeated many times). Some consider it the easiest because it offers more concrete concentration support, but in reality, perfect mastery requires a lot of experience.

The common points

Whether informal practice or in everyday life, you learn to stay centered in the present. Your peace and well-being do not depend on external conditions. It is, of course, an ideal and life brings us progress day after day. The fantastic thing is that the more you meditate, the more relaxed you will feel and the easier it becomes for you. Our brain creates new and stronger neural connections that strengthen over time. Whenever you do not feel good and something doesn’t feel right in you, it’s a great exercise. The reflex to which we have been conditioned is to attribute this to external conditions. By now taking the time to observe what has been touched in you, you open the door to a lot of change. This is how you will grow and improve the quality of your life.

It is important to understand that there is no separation between moments of meditation and the rest of your life. Everything is connected and all the types of meditation are as well and it is essential to make the connection so that meditation is fully beneficial. Each person has in his life unpleasant circumstances; you have at this moment the choice to attribute this to you to others or to take the responsibility to make it an opportunity to grow.


Meditation is more than just a practice we do sitting on a cushion, it can profoundly change our lives. For the first time, you learn not to fight with circumstances, to live with them and to make them an opportunity. Rethink that the next time you lose your joy and serenity.

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